Types Of Tractor Tires

Tractors have long been in use since its invention in the mid 1800s. They were mainly used for agricultural purposes like in farm and lumber industries. These tractors have welded steel tires that they were not used in public roads. After sometime, it had been found that these types of tractor tires can damage even the roots of the crops.


Engineers tried to find a way for the tractors to be more efficient. It was in 1932 that rubber tractor tires started to emerge in the market. It only took a very short time for the rubber tires to completely penetrate the industry. Three years later, most tractors manufacturers were producing the equipment with tires made of rubber. More elastic rubber materials were even developed as Charles Goodyear introduced the concept of vulcanizing.


Types Of Tractor TiresAs more and more models and types of tractors become available and so are the types of tractors tires including a wider range of sizes. In fact, classifying them could be somehow confusing. However, in general, tractor tires can be categorized by two ways. First, is according to their use or purpose and second is by how the tires are reinforced.


“Different tractor tires are designed for different purposes. Those that are engineered for use in muddy farm set-up may not be efficient for landscaping. Based on use, tractor tires can be classified as agricultural, turf, and combination tires.”

Agricultural Tractor Tires

Agricultural tractor tires or simply Ag tires features a set of diagonal treads at specific angle providing maximum traction and enabling the vehicle to move along a muddy surface. These types of tractor tires are thus specially designed for pulling loads through a softer surface such as those of the fields. More often agricultural tires are built with other special specifications like a flange protector to prevent soils and debris from clogging the edges of tire attachment.

Turf Tires

For lawn moving, turf tires will be the best choice. With their very shallow treads and wide balloon-style, lawn tractor tires can cause less damage to the lawns unlike those that are use in agriculture. However, they also have lesser traction and greater slippage. Turf tires are available in various designs for specific purposes. Front tires of lawn tractors are usually of the round shoulder turf tires while the square shoulder types are mainly used as rear tires.

Construction Tires

Construction tires combine the features of turf and agricultural tires having a wide balloon style but with deeper tread. They are specifically designed for construction. In contrast with agricultural tires, these tires can last on roadways and concrete surfaces.

Radial or Bias Tires

Based on how tires are reinforced, tractor tires are classified as radial or bias tires. Radial tires offer more flexibility than bias tires. Bias tries, though less flexible, provides higher strength than the radial type. In terms of traction, radial tires offer less slippage.

Knowing these types of tractor tires and their function will be of great help in choosing the best tractor tire for the right application. Having this knowledge can maximize the efficiency of the tractors and prevent further repairs and unnecessary maintenance cost.

Cross-ply Tires

Cross-ply tires have a diagonal structure with a simple design. The different ply layers extend to the beads and are laid at alternate angles less than ninety degrees to the center line on the tire. They are stiff, strong and durable on hard surfaces.

Radials are laid at a true ninety degrees to the center-line which provides for more flexibility and less rolling resistance. Popular within the construction industry, they perform better at higher speeds than cross-ply.

Rib Front Tires

Rib front tires for two-wheel drive tractors offer up to four ribs running the same direction as the tire rotation, providing resistance to side slip, and they are self cleaning for positive steering.

Turf Tires

Turf tires are specifically designed for use on lawns and grass to minimize soil compaction so grass roots can breathe. The absence of tread bars eliminates indentations that destroy turf and allow equipment to float over lawns for an easy, smooth ride.  It’s the tire professional lawn keepers rely on to retain maximum beauty and health of the turf they manage. Firestone turf tires incorporate the latest tread design and technologies to protect and preserve the appearance of turf — even wet turf — rather than digging into and destroying it.

Industrial Tires

This tire tread is made to grip a variety of surfaces and serves as a compromise between the field and turf tire tread designs. Industrial tire traction bars are wider and shallower than field tires, yet more pronounced and aggressive than turf tires.  It is the right tire choice for rugged duty and where the long-term beauty and health of turf are not a primary concern.

Field Tires

Deep, prominent tread bars make this tire best where maximum traction is desired. Because of its deep, aggressive tread, it is the most destructive tire for lawns and turf applications, but the most preferred tire for heavy duty work situations where traction and pull are important.